The Top 2 Cancers Affecting Women
The Top 5 Cancers Affecting Women. Understand the risk factors associated with these five cancers can help you with taking the first step to minimizing your personal risk.
Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in women, and the second main cause of cancer death in women, after lung cancer. It is the most common cancer among women.
- Lump or thickening of the breast.
- Changes to the skin or the nipple.
Other symptoms include:
- Pain in the armpits or breast (that does not change with the monthly cycle).
- Pitting of the skin of the breast.
- Rash around or on one of the nipples.
- Discharge from a nipple, possibly containing blood.
- Change in the size or shape of the breast.
- Peeling or scaling of the skin on the breast or nipple.
Breast Cancer risk factors can be genetic, but some lifestyle factors, make it more likely to happen. A range of breast cancer treatments includes surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Most of breast lumps are not cancerous, but any woman who is concerned about a lump or change should see a doctor. Early diagnosis of breast cancer increases the chance of recovery.
Cancer of the womb is a common cancer that affects the female reproductive system. It’s also called uterine cancer and endometrial cancer. Its most common symptom is vaginal bleeding.
Any vaginal bleeding is considered abnormal, if a woman has been through the menopause. If you have not yet been through the menopause, unusual bleeding may include bleeding between your periods.If you experience any unusual vaginal bleeding, you should see your GP as soon as possible. Even if it’s unlikely to be caused by womb cancer, it’s best to be sure.
Most womb cancers begin in the cells that make up the lining of the womb (called the endometrium), which is why cancer of the womb is often called endometrial cancer.
Womb cancer is separate from other cancers of the female reproductive system, such as ovarian cancer and cervical cancer.
Research has shown that It’s not clear exactly what causes womb cancer, but certain things can increase your risk of developing it.
The following factors may raise a woman’s risk of developing uterine cancer:
- Hormone imbalance is one of the most important risks for womb cancer-Research shows that your risk is increased if you have high levels of a hormone called oestrogen in your body. Several things can cause this hormone imbalance:
- Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
It is not always possible to prevent womb cancer, but some things are thought to reduce your risk. This includes maintaining a healthy weight and the long-term use of some types of contraception.
- Age– Uterine cancer most often occurs in women over 50; the average age is 60.
- Obesity-Research has shown that fatty tissue in women who are overweight produces additional oestrogen, a sex hormone that can increase the risk of uterine cancer. This risk increases with an increase in body mass index (BMI).
- Genetics-Uterine cancer may run in families where colon cancer is hereditary. For instance, women in families with Lynch syndrome, also called hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), have a higher risk for uterine cancer.
- Diabetes-Women may have an increased risk of uterine cancer if they have diabetes, which is often associated with obesity.
- Diet-Women who eat foods high in animal fat may have an increased risk of uterine cancer.
Womb Cancer Prevention
Researchers continue to investigate what factors increase risk for this type of cancer. Although there is no proven way to completely prevent this disease, you may be able to lower your risk. Visit your doctor for more information about your personal risk of cancer.
Research has shown that the following factors can lower the risk of uterine cancer:
- Taking birth control pills-Birth control pills are said to have a combination of oestrogen and progesterone that are taken cyclically to produce a monthly menstrual period, which reduces the risk of an overgrowth of the uterine lining, especially when taken over a long period.
- Maintaining a healthy weight.
- If you are diabetic, good disease management, such as regularly monitoring blood glucose levels, can lower risk.
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